Parliamentary Procedure


While regular committees at MUNSA present two separate topics for delegates to debate, crisis committees are meant to address only a single topic. As such, debate over the initial crisis given to the delegates by the Chair will span all two days of the conference.

Instead of representing nation-states, crisis committee delegates will represent a single individual. In the regular Crisis Committees, delegates will represent modern figures, while in the Historical Crisis Committees, delegates will represent historical figures from the appropriate time period. As such, delegates will be permitted, though not required, to use personal pronouns when addressing the room.

Crisis committee delegates will not be required to write a position paper. Delegates are still encouraged to write a position paper if they believe that this will help them with their research; however, the Chair will not accept any position papers that delegates attempt to submit.

Parliamentary Procedure Basics


  • Motion to Set agenda: To establish precedence of topics up for debate, simple majority vote

  • Motion to Open Speakers’ List: To open the speakers’ list on a specific topic it must be approved by Chair. Speakers are added to the speakers’ list by order of the Chair as placards are raised. 

  • Motion to Set/Amend Limit on speaker’s time: To set (change) the amount of time a speaker may speak without further committee approval, as well as  the number of questions and/or follow-ups the speaker may receive, speaker’s time/amendment approved by simple majority vote.

  • Motion to Amend Speaking Time/Number of Questions/Followups: To bring an amendment to the floor for speaker’s list, propose amendment, amendment is passed or failed with a simple majority vote. 

  • Motion to Allow the Speaker to Finish: To permit a speaker to continue speaking after the predetermined time limit has expired, must be approved by Chair and speaker.

  • Point of Information: To question the speaker, must follow the predetermined number of questions and followups.  

  • Point of order: To correct an error in procedure.

  • Point of Inquiry: To inquire about parliamentary procedure.

  • Point of Personal Privilege: To use the restroom/facilities, get water, etc. during debate.

  • Moderated Caucus: To break from speakers list for a proposed amount of time, permitting delegates to speak individually in a Chair-moderated format (delegates chosen to speak by raising a placard chosen at chair’s discretion/as they are raised), decided by a simple majority vote.

  • Unmoderated caucus: To temporarily suspend formal debate, permitting delegates to leave their seats, work on resolution papers, and discuss matters without Chair oversight, decided by simple majority vote. 

  • Motion to Consider Working Paper: To bring a working paper to the floor for consideration as a draft resolution, must be proposed by a 15% quorum listed as signatories on the working paper, decided by simple majority vote.

  • Motion to Consider Amendment: To bring to consideration an amendment submitted to the chairs on a specific submitted working paper.

  • Motion to Recess: To suspend debate and the session for a period of time, passed with a simple majority vote.

  • Motion to Adjourn: To end a session with a simple majority vote, does not close debate.

Flow of Debate​

  • Roll-Call: When delegation is called, delegate raises placard and responds with present or present and voting, those who respond with present and voting must vote yay or nay, those who responded with present can abstain from voting. 

  • Roll-call vote: To vote by roll-call and not by show of placards

  • Motion to Table debate: To postpone the debate for a period of time or indefinitely, requires one pro and one con speaker with a simple majority vote.

  • Motion to Close debate: To end debate two pro and two con speakers, decide by a two-thirds majority vote.

  • Simple Majority Vote: Delegates raise placards for yay or nay, counted by chairs. 

  • Note: We do not do Right of Reply nor vote most disruptive to least disruptive


Crisis Parliamentary Procedure

MUNSA XXIV’s crisis committees are intended to give delegates a fast paced and competitive environment to delegate in. The goal of a crisis committee is to force delegates to think on the spot and adapt to unexpected events in order to meaningfully address the crisis at hand. As specialized committees, the procedure of the crisis committees will differ from that of regular MUN committees. We strongly encourage any delegate who has not previously participated in a MUNSA crisis committee to review the information on this page in preparation for the conference.

Debate in crisis committees will be done solely through moderated and unmoderated caucuses. In addition, crisis committee delegates will not write resolution papers during the conference. In addition, the following points and motions, as well as any points and motions that are directly related to these, will not be valid in crisis committees:

  • Motion to set agenda

  • Motion to open (close) speakers’ list

  • Motion to table debate

  • Motion to consider a working paper

Action Orders

Action Orders are a crisis delegate’s way of taking action to influence the way that the crisis develops. Action Orders take the form of notes written to the Chair and can be sent to the Chair at any time during the session. Delegates will be expected to follow the following guidelines when creating Action Orders. If an Action Order fails to follow any of these guidelines, then it will likely be rejected by the Chair. If an action order meets these guidelines and is approved by the Chair, then it will be shortly announced to the rest of the committee.

  • Action Orders must be addressed to the Chair and state the name of the delegate submitting it.

  • Actions Orders must have the words “action order” written at the top of the note.

  • The body of the Action Order should describe the action(s) that the delegate wishes to take. Delegates should be as specific as possible when explaining these actions.

  • The bottom of the note must be signed with the delegate’s name.

  • If a delegate wishes for their action order to remain confidential, then they must write “do not announce” at the top of the note. The Chair will send a note to the delegate if their action order is passed.

Although crisis committees do not draft resolution papers, delegates will still have the opportunity to work with their fellow delegates towards solving the issue at hand by submitting Joint Action Orders. Joint Action Orders function similarly to regular Action Orders and follow similar guidelines:

  • Joint Action Orders must describe action(s) that at least two delegates wish to take.

  • Joint Action Orders must be signed by each delegate taking action in the note.

  • Joint Actions Orders may be only be submitted during an unmoderated caucus.

MUNSA does NOT vote on Action Orders.

Please keep in mind that the decision over whether or not to pass an action order is left up to the Chair’s discretion. If an action order that follows all of the previous guidelines is rejected by the Chair, then it is likely that the content of the action order influenced the crisis in a way that the Chair did not think was beneficial to the quality of the simulation.